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The United Republic of Tanzania is currently divided into 31 regions, five in Zanzibar and 26 in the mainland. There were only 21 regions in the mainland until March 2012, when new regions were announced: GEITA, KATAVI, NJOMBE, and SIMIYU. And very recently another new region of SONGWE was announced after being separated from Mbeya region. Physically, the largest of the region is TABORA, with an area of just over 76,000 sq.km.
Southern Highlands Zone Regions
The Southern Highlands of Tanzania are a geographical zone in the South West of the country encompassing the seven (7) administrative regions of Iringa, Katavi, Mbeya, Songwe, Njombe, Rukwa and Ruvuma. The highlands comprise a range of volcanic mountains, partly covered in forest and grassland. They serve as Tanzania’s main bread basket and experience the coldest weather in the Republic, especially in the months of June and July. The region also experiences the highest rainfall in Tanzania for part of the year. The zone is a tourist attraction with several plateaus, grasslands, the Great Rift Valley, lakes and the Tanzania and Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA)
- Iringa Urban
- North Mufindi
- South Mufindi
- Mafinga Urban
Iringa Region in Brief:
Iringa Region is the administrative region in the Northeast of the Southern Highlands. It has an area of 35,503 Sq.km and a population of 941238 (2012 census). The regional capital Iringa Town was founded in the 1890s after the war between the Hehe under Chief Mkwawa and the German Colonial Army. Iringa Region offers a range of range of tourism attractions, including wildlife (Ruaha National Park, Udzungwa Mountains National Park) and historical / cultural sites (Isimila Stone Age Site, Mkwawa Museum Kalenga), and is currently promoted by the government and the private sector as a major hub for tourism development in Southern Tanzania. Lulanda Natural Forest, harbors a number of rare animal and bird species. Chief Mkwawa’s shrine is also located under a sacred tree in the Lulanda Forest.
- Mpanda Urban
- Mpanda Rural
Katavi Region in Brief:
Katavi Region lies between Latitudes 5 degrees 15’’ to 7 degrees 03’’ South of Equator and Longitude 30 degrees to 33 degrees of East of Greenwich. It is bordered by Urambo District (Tabora Region) to the North Sikonge District (Tabora Region) to the East, Chunya District (Mbeya Region) to the East, Nkansi District (Rukwa Region), to the south, Sumbawanga District (Rukwa Region) to the South – East, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to the West (separated by Lake Tanganyika) and Kigoma District (Kigoma Region) to the North – West. The region has a total area of 47,527 Sq.km inclusive of landmass and the two large fresh water lakes, namely Tanganyika and Rukwa ( Rift Valley Lakes). The region is made up of three (3) districts namely Mpanda, Mlele, and Tanganyika. It has 10 divisions, 58 wards, 177 villages, 43 streets and 931 sub villages/Hamlets (Vitongoji). Katavi Region is an emerging economy with high economic growth potential in the Lake Tanganyika Zone of Western Tanzania. It is the home of Katavi National Park.
Population Size and Growth;
Based on the population census reports of 2012, Katavi region had a population of 564, 604 with 3.2 percent growth rate, among them Males are 279, 682, and Females are 284, 922.
Katavi Region has an altitude ranging from 1,000 to 2,500 meters above sea level, the average temperature ranges between 26 degrees C and 30 degrees C annually. Mean annual rainfall ranges from 920 mm to 1,200mm. The region is characterized by highlands, small mountain peaks, moderate hills, Mwese highlands, gentle plains and plateaus. The region is also characterized by Lake Tanganyika which has steep hills, gentle plateaus and plains, the gentle plains of Karema depression and Katumba plains. The miombo woodlands is the most predominantly vegetation in the region.
Wildlife and Tourism Attractions;
Katavi Region is endowed with plenty of wildlife whereby there are five (5) hunting blocks of Inyonga E & W Hunting Block ( 3,500 Sq.km), Msima Hunting Block (2,000 Sq.km), Mulele Hunting Block (3, 000 Sq.km), Rungwa River Hunting Block
( Sq.km 1,500), and Nkamba Hunting Block (Sq.km 977).
Karema Historical Town and its Associated Attractions;
Situated at about 130 kilometers from Mpanda Town, Karema Is an old town dated back in the year 1885 where the Catholics entered the lakeshore of Tanganyika. The town is endowed with the remains of Catholics who fortified their missions by concrete walls which can vividly been seen to date. There are also remnants of the saintly doctor – catechist Adrian Atman who worked for 67 years in and around Karema using western medicine as well as traditional remedies.
Lake Tanganyika Tourism Attraction;
The legendary Lake Tanganyika is an attraction on its own as it is the second largest lake by surface area on the African continent. It is estimated to be the second largest freshwater by volume, and the second rift valley deepest lake in the world after Lake Baikal in Russia, with holding at least 250 species of cichlid fish and 150 non – cichlid species. The lake is well – known for its sandy beaches that stretch up to 1, 828 km. These shores are very famous with crystal clear waters that provide an opportunity for the divers to enjoy the natural beauty of this ancient lake.
- Mbeya Urban
- Mbeya Rural
- Songwe (Now New Region)
Mbeya Region in Brief:
- North Njombe
- South Njombe
Njombe Region in Brief:
- Sumbawanga Urban (Learn more)
- North Nkansi
- South Nkansi
Rukwa Region in Brief
- Songea Urban
- North Tunduru
- South Tunduru
- Mbinga Urban
- Mbinga Rural
Ruvuma Region in Brief;
Ruvuma Region is one of Tanzania’s 31 administrative regions. The regional capital is Songea municipal. The total area of this region is 63,669 Sq.km (24,583 sq. mile), and it was also the 28th most densely populated region with 22 people per square kilometer. The region is named after the Ruvuma River, which forms most of its southern boundary with Portuguese – speaking Mozambique.
According to the 2012 national census, the region had a population of 1,376,891, which was lower than the pre – census projection of 1,449,830. For 2002 – 2012, the region’s 2.1 – percent average annual population growth rate was the twentieth highest in the country.
The region is bordered to the north by the Morogoro Region, to the north east by the Lindi Region, to the east by the Mtwara Region, to the north west by the Njombe Region, and Mozambique to the South, which forms its southern boundary.
Districts & Populations:
- Mbinga (353,683), Namtumbo (201,639), Nyasa (146,160), Songea (377,130), Tanduru (298, 279)
Tourism Attractions in Ruvuma Region
- Livingstone Mountains
- Lake Nyasa (Malawi)
- Ruvuma River
- Mbamba Bay
- Songea Museum
Julius Nyerere National Park (Formerly Selous Game Reserve), and many more
The United Republic of Tanzania is a union of two entities: The Mainland of Tanzania, formerly known as Tanganyika, and Zanzibar, a group of Islands off the Indian Ocean Coast. Zanzibar is small, with around 2,600 sq. m of territory in the two main islands of Unguja and Pemba. Zanzibar is divided into five (5) regions
- North Pemba Region
- North Unguja Region
- South Pemba Region
- South Unguja Region
- West Region
- Town Region
North Pemba Region in Brief
North Unguja Region in Brief:
South Pemba Region in Brief:
South Unguja Region in Brief
- Kiembe Samaki
- Kijito Upele
- Mto Pepo
West Region in Brief:
Town Region in Brief
Northern Zone Regions
Northern Zone of Tanzania is comprised of Arusha, Kilimanjaro, Manyara , and Tanga regions: it has an area of 125,455 square kilometers (Arusha 34,526 Sq. km: Kilimanjaro 13,209 Sq.km: Manyara 50,819 Sq. km and Tanga 27,342 Sq.km) that is equivalent to 13.3 percent of the national total land area. According to 2012 population and housing census, the population is 6,804,733 people which is equivalent to 15.15 percent of Tanzania population. The population size of each region stands as follows: Arusha 1,694,310; Kilimanjaro 1, 640,087; Manyara 1,425,131 and Tanga 2,045,205. The northern zone has moderate temperature. It has two rainy seasons, whereby short rainy season start from October to December and long rainy season start from March to May. Remember, Tanga region is sometimes placed in Eastern zone rather than Northern zone due to its geographical position.
- Arusha (The centre for Tourism & Cultural Heritage)
- Kilimanjaro (“Home of the Snowcapped Mountain)
- Manyara (“Home of Tanzanite)
- Tanga (“The land of Sisal)
- West Arumeru
- East Arumeru
Arusha Region in Brief:
Arusha Region is situated in northern Tanzania, just below Mount Meru and at an elevation of 1,500 m above sea level, the fast growing town of Arusha has long been the ideal gateway to East Africa’s most famous wildlife areas: it is now also a popular centre for international meetings, conventions, and conferences. Indeed, it has also become the main trading centre for Tanzanite; a unique gemstone mined in northern Tanzania and found nowhere else in the world. Lying halfway between Cairo and Cape Town, the town has a history that starts in the last decade of the 19th century when Captain Johannes built a fort at the foot of Mount Meru to facilitate the German colonization of what later became known as Tanganyika. From the little fort, which still stands and has been converted into a museum of natural history, the town of Arusha grew: first as a trading post for the local people, and now into a famous center for various international activities. The visit of the former U.S President Bill Clinton in 2000 left the town with the praise name the Genera of Africa. As the hub of the country’s tourism industry, Arusha is the starting point for many wildlife and climbing point for many wildlife and climbing safaris in the northern circuit of Tanzania wildlife sanctuaries. The circuit encompasses the famous national parks of Serengeti, Tarangire, and Lake Manyara as well as the great landmarks of Ngorongoro Crater, Oldupai Gorge, and Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest Mountain. The town is also home to the headquarters of Tanzania National Parks as well as a branch office for African wildlife Foundation and other conservation institutions. As a center for various international activities, today Arusha is the headquarters of the East Africa Community (E.A.C). E.A.C is an organic of economic cooperation among the seven (7) East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and South Sudan. Another international body, one of many centred in Arusha, is Esami (Eastern and Southern African Management Institute). With such a background as a place for safari makers, delegates, and prospectors, Arusha has hotels, restaurants, and shops of all standards. The Town has a wide assortment of safari companies and several tourism information offices, including the Tanzania Tourist Board near the clock Tower. The town is connected to the rest of the world by Kilimanjaro International Airport, 42 km away, and the great North Road that enters Tanzania from Nairobi, Kenya.
Getting There / How to get in Arusha
- By Air; Kilimanjaro International Airport and Arusha Airport serve the town of Arusha. The former is about a half – hour’s drive away on the Moshi road, and the latter is just at the outskirts of the town on the Dodoma Road. International airlines that use Kilimanjaro International Airport include KLM, Turkish Air, Air Uganda, Quatar Airways, Ethiopian Airlines, Precision Air, Condor Air, Kenya Airways and Air Tanzania. A number of domestic airlines connect Arusha with Zanzibar and other main towns of Tanzania. Some of these are Regional Air, Northern Air, Coastal Aviation, Zan Air, and Air Excell. Most of these offer charter services and so land in the airstrips of the northern tourism circuit.
- By Road: Arusha is accessible by road from virtually any corner of the country. First the road from Dar es Salaam to Nairobi, via Moshi goes through Arusha and is well served by a number of shuttle buses, as well as the intercity public buses. These intercity buses also connect Arusha with the coastal town of Tanga. Secondly, Arusha is connected to the gates of the national parks of the northern circuit by good paved roads.
- Moshi Urban
- East Same
- West Same
- Moshi Rural
Kilimanjaro Region in Brief:
Kilimanjaro Region is famous for its snowcapped Mount Kilimanjaro, with the highest peak at 5,895 meters above sea level, and adjacent to it within the region is the stretch of North and South Pare Mountains 2,000 – 2,500 meters above sea level. The region is divided into six (6) administrative districts, namely; Moshi(Rural & Urban), Rombo, Mwanga, Same, Hai, and Siha. The Region is also bordering with the Republic of Kenya which is an opportunity to be exploited in the promotion of trade among the seven (7) East African Community member states of TANZANIA, KENYA, UGANDA, RWANDA, BURUNDI, SOUTH SUDAN, and DRC ( Democratic Republic of Congo)
- Babati Urban
- Babati Rural
- Mbulu Urban
- Mbulu Rural
Manyara Region in Brief:
- Tanga Urban
- Handeni Urban
- Handeni Rural
- Korogwe Urban
- Korogwe Rural
Tanga Region in Brief:
Tanga Region has a rich history which unfolds real and interesting stories of explorers like Vasco Da Gama, Arabs and Asians, trading activities, slave trade, the advent of German colonists and finally the British rule. The capital of the region is situated on the shores of the Great Indian Ocean from where all activities radiate towards other parts of the region. The city is rich in history, natural attractions, period architecture and interesting aquatic species. South of Tanga lies a prominent trading centre of the 19th century, PANGANI. Pangani has some of the most spectacular unpolluted beaches in the country and is an excellent beach holiday destination. To the further south is the little known SAADANI NATIONAL PARK with beach and wild animals that enjoy the sea breeze. To the west of Tanga and on the East Usambara Mountains lies a beautiful hill station – AMANI NATURE FOREST REERVE. This is the nest of flora and fauna.
Eastern Zone Regions
Eastern Zone Regions covers mainly the eastern parts of Tanzania – including, Tanga Region (Although sometimes treated to be located in Northern zone regions), Dar es Salaam Region, Pwani (Coast) Region, Morogoro Region, and Zanzibar Islands.
- Pwani (Coast) Region
- Dar es – Salaam Region
- Morogoro Region
- Zanzibar Islands
- Tanga Region
- Kibaha Urban
- Kibaha Rural
Pwani (Coast) Region in Brief:
- Pwani (Coast) Region is one of Tanzania’s 31 administrative regions with the total area of 32,547 Sq.km (12,566 sq. mi). The regional capital is Kibaha town council.
- According to the 2012 national census, the region had a population of 1,098,668. From 2002 to 2012, the region’s 2.2 percent average annual population growth rate was the seventeenth highest in the country. It was also the 21st most densely populated region with 34 people per square kilometer.
- The Pwani (Coast) Region is bordered by Tanga Region to the north, Dar es Salaam Region and the Indian Ocean to the east, to the south by the Lindi Region, and Morogoro to the west.
Districts & Populations:
- Bagamoyo (311,740), Kibaha TC (128,488), Kibaha DC (70,209), Kisarawe (101,598), Mafia 46,438), Mkuranga (222,921), Rufiji (217,274).
Tourism Attractions in Pwani (Coast) Region
- Historical Town of Bagamoyo
- Selous Game Reserve (currently upgraded as J.K. Nyerere National Park, and the largest national park in Tanzania and Africa
- Wami River
- Kaole Ruins
- Saadani National ParkMafia Island
- Rufiji River
Dar es Salaam Region in Brief:
- Dar es Salaam, literally “the haven of Peace,” or simply Dar, formerly Mzizima) is Tanzania’s largest and richest city, the largest city in eastern Africa by population, and is a regionally important economic centre. The city is the largest and most populous Swahili speaking city in the world. It is the capital of the Dar es Salaam Region administrative province and consists of three administrative districts; northern Kinondoni, central Ilala, and southern Temeke. The area of Dar es Salaam Region is 1,393 Sq.km, and this make Dar es Salaam to be the smallest region in Tanzania by an area. During German occupation in the early 20th century, Dar es Salaam was the centre of colonial administration and the main contact point between the agricultural mainland and the world of trade and commerce in the Indian Ocean and Swahili coast. Remnants of a colonial past, both British and German, can still be seen in landmarks and architecture around the city. The National museum, the village museum, and many landmarks, including St Joseph’s Cathedral, the White Father’s Mission House, the Botanical Gardens, and the Old State House make for an interesting walking tour around the waterfront and city centre. There is a fusion of cultural influences; Arab, Indian, German and British influences can be found in the city’s architecture. Dar es Salaam is Tanzania’s most prominent city in arts, fashion, media, music, film and television. Down at Kariakoo, cheerful Tinga Tinga paintings are stacked next to folded piles of Khangas and kitenges, traditional medicines sit alongside near pyramids of fruits and vegetables as shopkeepers sell their goods. Tourists are well catered for, with a choice of accommodation for all budgets, from backpacker hostels to five star hotels. For the business traveler, there are a number of hotels offering world class conference and accommodation facilities. There is a wide array of restaurants offering Thai, Indian, Italian, Japanese, Ethiopian cuisine and more. Of course, you can also find local restaurants serving chips (French fries), ugali and nyama choma (freshly grilled meat). If you are a street foodie you can try the mishkakis (grilled beef or chicken skewers) and fried Muhogo (tapioca) clipped in spicy chili sauce sold at the street kiosks at the Oysterbay Beach located on the peninsula. Dar es Salaam has an electric live music scene. Traditional taarab orchestras rub shoulders with dance bands playing jazz, salsa, and afro funk. Rap, hip – hop and bongo flava artists collaborate and perform around the city. For the art and history aficionados, the National Museum, Botanical Gardens and Village Museum are another diverting way to spend a day, tracing the history of Tanzania, from prehistoric fossils through to the relics of colonialism. Beyond the museums, music and art found in the city centre, visitors could cross over to Kigamboni by a 10 minutes ferry ride where they spend the morning at the waterpark or just relax and catch a tan at the popular Mikadi Beach. Dar has its own selection of spectacular beaches at Kunduchi, Mji mwema and Jangwani. At Jangwani, there is snorkeling and diving on offer, with the chance to see tuna, Kingfish and even the white tipped reef shark.
25 Fun Things To do in Dar es Salaam.
- Bongoyo Island is a small island off the coast of Dar es Salaam that makes a fantastic day trip of lazying on the beach, snorkeling and dining on fresh fried fish and chips. Since becoming a marine reserve a few years ago, fees have severely increased, but it is still worth it. Get to the island by taking a boat from the Slipway Shopping Center.
TingaTinga Art Center:
- Tanzanians have long been famous around Africa for their art work (even on the streets of Dar). The modern movement of Tingatinga painting is one of the favorite styles of Tanzania art. An artistic movement that began with Edward Said Tingatinga, the style is characterized by extremely bright oil colors and animated imaginative figures. The Tingatinga center is a rainbow of color and artistic inspiration. You can browse around and buy anything you see.
Coco Beach on the weekends:
- Coco Beach, also known as OysterBay, is a stretch of beach located on the Msasani Peninsula of Dar es Salaam. If you are looking for fun things to do, head over to Coco Beach on the weekend when it is packed full of local Tanzanians and Asians. There are plenty of street food snacks and sometimes live music. The open area is also a place where frequent concerts and parties take place – check the city events guide. Swimming is not really recommended at Coco Beach, though some choose to wade in the water.
- One of the most well - known historical statues of significance in Dar es Salaam is Askari Monument. Depicting a soldier with his bayonet pointing to the harbor, the monument is a reminder of the soldiers that fought as the Carrier Corps in world war I. The cast bronze Askari Monument is supposedly located in the precise center of Dar, in the middle of the round about that bisects Samora Avenue with Maktaba Street.
- Everywhere you travel you will encounter a new and unique set of local beverages. When you are in Tanzania you may want to sample the selection of locally brewed beer, have a few cups of Dar street coffee and especially guzzle a pungent Stoney Tangawizi.
- If you want to learn more about the history and culture of Tanzania or see some of the fossils that have been uncovered in the country, you will be interested in visiting the National Museum.
Mwenge Carvers Village:
- Located on the outskirts of town, Mwenge carvers’ village is a great attraction in Dar es Salaam if you are in the market for Tanzanian souvenirs. Though there is a lot of the same – same type of things, if you take the time to browse around you will come away with some unique and quality Tanzanian handicrafts.
- There is one dish in Dar es Salaam that is rare, but is a gem of an example of an expertly prepared dish that sums up the realm of cultures and traditions of the city: Zanzibari Mix. Zanzibar Mix is incredible – a comforting combination of deep fried fritters in a coconut milk curry and garnished with fresh chutneys and chili sauce.
North Beach – Jangwani and Mbuja Island
- North of Dar es Salaam there are a few lovely beaches and islands to enjoy as well. From White Sands Hotel in Jangwani, you can take a boat to Mbuja island, a great place to unwind and eat freshly caught Indian seafood.
- With a sizable population of Indians, there is a decent selection of delicious Indian food available (just like with Kenyan food). The Upanga area, in central Dar, is one of the best areas of town to locate good Indian food.
Pugu Hills Nature Reserve:
- Pugu Hills is a designated nature reserve located around 25 Kilometers from the center of Dar es Salaam. Along with an opportunity to hike the trails, you can also choose to bird watch or visit the cave which is famous for its colony of bats. You can either get to Pugu Hills on your own or take a day tour.
- One of the busiest and most thrilling markets in Dar es Salaam is the local Kariakoo market. This is the place to go if you are hunting for the best bargains in town or wish to see the authentic side of local style Tanzanian shopping. Make sure you haggle to get the best deals. Be cautious with your money and possessions as Kariakoo is a bustling crowded place.
If you are walking around downtown, take a stroll down Temple Road where you will find a selection of religious temples. There is not much else to do, but you can visit a few of the temples and have a look around.
Kanga shopping – Uhuru St
- A popular thing to buy in Dar es Salaam are the colorful pieces of wrap around cloth known as Kangas. These brightly dyed rectangles of fabric are available in infinite colors, with infinite patterns and often include a message written in Kiswahili. Head over to Uhuru street in down town for a huge selection of Kangas.
Azania Lutheran Church:
- Originally built by German Missionaries in Tanzania, the Azania Lutheran Church is an iconic structure located at Dar es Salaam’s harbor front. From the cathedral you will have easy access to other tourist attractions around town.
- Just like in neighboring Kenya, nyama choma (roasted meat - often goat) is wildly popular and incredibly delicious. Go to a local restaurant, order your choice of meat and wait for it to slowly roast. In Tanzania, nyama choma is served with a few chillies and sometimes tomatoes and red onion garnish. Many Tanzanians choose to wash down their nyama choma with a few beers.
Tanzania Street Food
- Whether it is roasted maize or mama cooked Tanzanian chapatis, also try Mishkaki which is the Tanzanian version of meat on a stick – street style shish kebabs!
South Coast Beaches
- There are a number of hotels that you can visit, or you can rent your own personal banda thatch covered hut for the day. The lanky palm trees rustling in the breeze and the rhythmic wash of waves makes spending a day on the South Coast Beaches one of the most relaxing things to do. One of the best things to do is to go horse riding on one of the best beaches you will ever encounter. The Dar Horse Club is located near the world famous Ras Kutani Resort. Get there by personal vehicle or by local daladala minivan. You will need to cross to the Kigamboni side of Dar by taking the ferry across the port.
- Only open in the evenings Mamboz is famous for its barbeque chicken and chips, located on Libya street in the centre of Dar. Other places to try matoke (green banana) are chef’s pride (Chagga Street Central Dar) or Jamaa Restaurants (One located near Askari Monument the other, one block from Azam Zanzibar Ferry Terminal).
- The Good, the Bad and the Funky – there are two spots that have risen in statures as the best places to enjoy the evening with a bunch of mates; Dar Live and DAR LIVE has a Zanzibar feel to it, being on the beach, and is open and very casual. The bar is on the beach, nestled among Dhow furniture in a most rustic fashion, open throughout the week. Runway is the opposite, a modern up class liquor lounge, styled in the latest international chic design. Best to go are Saturdays and Sundays. The George and Dragon has a very strong expat following with various activities every night to keep anyone entertained. Club Maisha has a more local following and is the leading Night Club in term of strobe lights, dance floor and multilevel facility. Latest on the block and with the best views of Dar by night is High Spirit Bar, Lounge & Night Club located on the roof top of IT plaza Ohio Street.
- More of a hand on than the National Museum, the village museum offers a chance to observe a number of typical style Tanzanian traditional huts and learn more about the tribes of the country. Dance and drum performances are held in the evenings on weekends.
Dar es Salaam Fish Market
- One of the favorite things to do is wake up early in the morning and wander around the Dar fish market. People gather from around the city to purchase the fresh catch of the day. Arrive at around 6.30 am to catch the mot energized fish auctions taking place.
- Similar to Mombasa or Lamu. Bagamoyo town located north of Dar es Salaam, is an ancient East African trade port. The town has been influenced by Arabs and Indians to create a uniquely Swahili culture. On a day trip to Bagamoyo, you can visit ancient ruins, old churches and mosques and tour one of Tanzania’s only college of arts known as Chuo Cha Sanaa Bagamoyo. If you don’t have your own transportation, you can get to Bagamoyo by local bus or by taking a day tour.
- The slipway is Dar es Salaam’s premier shopping and leisure centre. Here, you can shop, drink, dine or watch the sunset over the Indian Ocean. Parents can set their children loose in around waterfront playground and travelers can relax in lovely hotel rooms.
- Latham Island (Fungu Kisim Kasi) is a small, uninhabited oceanic island. The island and its associated reefs stick out the Indian Ocean in the middle of nowhere an insignificant pinhead in the Indian Ocean. This structure promotes currents, and provides haven for baitfish and their predators and is thus a great big game fishing destination. The island lies 45 nautical miles East of Dar es Salaam so may be fished on a day trip or more advisably on an overnighter, during which the adventurous angler can try to the mighty Broadbill Swordfish. There are several charter operators out of Dar, and they generally fish at Latham itself or for shorter and cheaper outings, work the Zanzibar channel. Both fisheries can provide exciting sport – offering chances at Black and Striped Marlin, Sailfish, Wahoo, Yellow fin such as Grouper and Red Snapper, and many more. It is an angler’s paradise. If you have a day off in Dar and love to hear a big real scream, don’t hesitate to take off into the blue water, it’s right at your feet.
- Morogoro Urban
- South Morogoro
- South East Morogoro
- East Ulanga
- West Ulanga
Morogoro Region in Brief
Morogoro is well known from 19th century literature as the gateway through which traders from Zanzibar passed inland to collect ivory, slaves and gum copal. According to Stanley, who passed through Morogoro in his search for David Livingstone, one of the Sultans of Zanzibar created a fortress here, only to have it washed away by flooding. In 1885, this region became part of German East Africa and was exploited for its natural resources; timber, semi - precious stones and minerals(camelian, quartz crystal, ruby, tourmaline and mica in particular). A variety of specialized crops were attempted on the lower slopes. Morning side, a once productive farm on Uluguru north, dates from this time, and lies on the intermediate level of the mountain side facing west.
Zanzibar--- click here
Southern Zone Regions
Southern Zone Regions covers mainly the southern parts of Tanzania, particularly Lindi and Mtwara Regions respectively.
Regions & Map of Tanzania
- Lindi Region
- Mtwara Region
Lindi Region Profile (Fast Facts) & Map/ Main places
- Lindi Urban
- South Kilwa
- North Kilwa
Lindi Region in Brief
- Lindi Region is one of Tanzania’s 31 administrative regions. It is in the South Eastern part of Tanzania Mainland and is among of the coast regions. The word ‘LINDI’ means a floating bouy or buoyant, and it is home to Dinosaurs at Tendaguru. The regional capital is Lindi Municipal. Lindi is a coastal town located at the end of Lindi Bay, on the Indian Ocean in southeastern Tanzania. The town is 450 Kilometers south of Dar es Salaam and 105 Kilometers north of Mtwara, the Southernmost coastal town in Tanzania, and gives its name to the surrounding Lindi Region, one of the most sparsely populated areas of the country.
- According to the 2012 national census, the region had a population of 864,652, which was lower than the pre – census projection of 960,236. For 2002 – 2012, the region’s 0.9 percent average annual population growth rate was the 29th highest in the country. It was also the least densely populated region with 13 people per square kilometer.
- The Lindi Region borders Pwani(Coast) and Morogoro Regions in the west, Ruvuma Region in the southwest, and Mtwara Region in the south. Much of the western part of the Lindi Region is in the Selous Game Reserve (Currently parts of this reserve is upgraded as J.K Nyerere National Park, the largest national park in Tanzania and Africa).)
- Lindi is located at the mouth of the Lukuledi River.
Districts & Populations:
- Kilwa (190,744), Lindi Municipality (MC) (78,841), Lindi Rural (DC) (194,143), Liwale (91,380), Nachingwea (178,964), Ruangwa (131,080).
Tourism Attractions in Lindi Region
- Kilwa Kivinje (Kilwa of the casuarines trees
- Kilwa kisiwani (Kilwa Island)
- Kilwa Masoko (Kilwa Market)
- Songo Mnara Islands
- K.Nyerere National Park
- Mtwara Urban
- Mtwara Rural
- Newala Urban
- Newala Rural
Mtwara Region in Brief:
- Mtwara Region is one of Tanzania’s 31 administrative regions. The total area is 16,710 Sq.km (6,450 sq. mi). The regional capital is the municipality of Mtwara. Mtwara Is home to the natural gas and deepest port as well as the presence of sand dunes, the highest in Eastern Africa.
- According to the 2012 national census, the Region had a population of 1, 270,854. For 2002 – 2012, the region’s 1.2 percent average annual population growth rate was the 26th highest in the country. It was also the fourteenth most densely populated region with 76 people per square kilometer
The boundary with Mozambique to the south is formed by the Ruvuma River. To the west, Mtwara is bordered by Ruvuma Region, to the north by Lindi Region, and to the east is the Indian Ocean.
Districts & Populations:
- Masasi Town Council (TC) 102,696, Masasi Rural (247,993), Mtwara Municipality (108,299), Mtwara Rural (228,003), Nanyumbu (150,857), Newala (205,492), Tandahimba (227,514)
Tourism Attractions in Mtwara Region
- Ruvuma River
- Paul’s Church
- Whale sighting during October/November breeding time and also dolphins in the Marine park
- Unspoilt Beaches at Msimbati and Msanga Mkuu
- Mnazi Bay Ruvuma Estuary
- Newala Old Boma, Makonde arts, carvings and dances
- Game reserves of Lukwika / Lumesule migration corridor between Selous Game Reserve (Currently, J.K. Nyerere National Park) and North East Mozambique (Niassa)
- The Historical Town of Mikindani which was an important export point for traders from Malawi, Zambia, Angola and DRC.
- K. Nyerere National park, and many more.
Central Zone Regions
Central Zone Regions covers chiefly the central parts of Tanzania – mostly Singida and Dodoma regions respectively
Regions & Map of Tanzania
- Dodoma Region.
- Singida Region
- Dodoma Urban
- Kondoa Urban
- Kondoa Rural
Dodoma Region in Brief
- Dodoma Region lies in the heart of Tanzania in the eastern – central part of the country, the main city being about 300 miles (480 km) from the coast. The region, which is primarily semi – arid, covers an area of 41, 311 Sq.km (15,950 Sq. miles). Dodoma (literally “It has sunk” in Gogo). Located in the heartland of Tanzania. Dodoma is the nation’s official political capital and the seat of government in the country. Comparably much smaller and less developed than the country’s commercial center, Dar es Salaam. Dodoma remains a center for national politics. Situated on the eastern edge of the southern highlands, the city is surrounded by a rich agricultural areas and pleasant scenery. It is the center of Tanzania’s growing wine industry and the Tanganyika vineyards company is actively promoting its products. Historically, Dodoma was a stopover on the overland caravan route that travelled from the Swahili Coast inland towards Late Tanganyika. Early in the 20th century, the city became a major point on the Central Line Railway, which carried agricultural crops for export to the harbor in Dar es Salaam. In recent times, the town’s economic base has declined in favor of the coastal city, but in the early days of Tanzanian independence, there was a popular political motion to move the entire government to the town in the southern highlands. These days, the government divides its time between the two cities.
Tourism Attractions in Dodoma Region
- The Lion Rock.
- Parliament of Tanzania in Dodoma Region.
- The Kwamtoro village in Chemba district which is mostly dominated by Wasandawe people whose language is in the same family as some ethnic groups found in Namibia and South Africa.
- Visiting the department of Antiquities in Kolo.
- Visiting the Kondoa art kolo sites which are closer to the main road, Arusha to Dodoma, just 20 km from Kondoa town. Kolo sites are the most popular among visitors and researchers. The rock paintings are believed to be drawn by the Sandawes and Hadzabes, between 1,500 and 8,00 years ago. Locals use some of the sites for religious purposes.
- Singida Urban
- North Singida
- East Iramba
- West Iramba
- West Manyoni
- East Manyoni
- East Singida
- West Singida
Singida Region in brief:
- Singida Region is nicknamed the central corridor of Tanzania because it is located in the centre of the country. Singida town is the headquarters of Singida Region. The name Singida is derived from the word “Masingida,” which refers to the wooden ornaments worn in the ears and made by the Nyaturu people who live in the area. Most tourists usually pass through Singida on their way from Mwanza to Arusha or Dodoma.
Tourism Attractions in Singida Region
- Visiting several game reserves in the North and to the South the better known as Rungwa, Kizigo and Muhesi. Rungwa (Established in 1951, with an area of 9000 Sq.km, and Kizigo (Established in 1972, with an area of 4000 Sq.km).
- Tours of visiting to explore the Singida Region and see its 8 different ethnic groups, for example, Nyaturu, Nyiramba, Gogo, Barabaig, Nyisanzu, Kirobu, Taturu and (Hadzabe(Hadza).
Western Zone Regions
Western Zone Regions comprises particularly the western parts of Tanzania – typically Kigoma and Tabora regions respectively.
Regions & Map of Tanzania
- Kigoma Region
- Tabora Region
- Kusulu Urban
- Kasulu Rural
- Kigoma Urban
- North Kigoma
- South Kigoma
Kigoma Region in Brief
- The bustling town of Kigoma is the regional capital of western Tanzania and a central port in the area. Located on the eastern shores of Lake Tanganyika, Kigoma is surrounded by rugged mountains and forests that make it a pleasing and beautiful location. In the past, Kigoma has been in competition with nearby Ujiji, but over the last decades Kigoma has gained a strong economic foothold in the region and its port is of central importance to the activities of the area. Historically, the town was the final stop of the Central Line Railway, built in the 20th century to transport agricultural goods from the African hinterland to the East African coast. The town makes a good overland base for visits and chimpanzee safaris to both Gombe Stream National Park and Mahale Mountains National Park.
Getting There to Kigoma Region
- Kigoma Region can be reached easily through the central road from Dar es Salaam through Morogoro, Dodoma and Tabora to Kigoma. Also through the Central Railway Line from Dar es Salaam through Morogoro, Dodoma and Tabora to Kigoma. By Lake Tanganyika waterways - the Region can be reached from Mpulungu, Zambia, Kalemie, Baraka and Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): and Bujumbura, Burundi to Kigoma, and by flight Airways the region can be accessible from Dar es Salaam and Mwanza, Tanzania; Bujumbura, Burundi, and also it is possible to fly from Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to Kigoma.
Tourism Attractions in Kigoma Region
- Ujiji village
- Mahale Mountains N/ Park
- Gombe Stream N/ Park
- Lake Tanganyika
- Moyowosi Game Reserve (Established in 1981, with an area of 6000 sq.km, in kigoma).
- Tabora Urban
- North Uyui
- Nzega Urban
- Nzega Rural
Tabora Region in Brief
- The Tabora Region, of which Tabora city is the capital, is to be found in the north – western quarter of mainland Tanzania. It shares its borders with six (6) regions. Moving clockwise from the north, they are Shinyanga and Simiyu (north), Singida (east), Mbeya (South), Katavi (Southwest) and Kigoma (west). Tabora is physically the largest of Tanzania’s 31 regions, with a surface area of 76,151 sq. km, just over two – thirds of this consists of Forest Reserves (34, 698 Sq.km) and Game Reserves (17,122 Sq. km). Most of the region lies at an altitude of 1,000 – 1500m (the city’s altitude is 1000m) and has a moderate tropical climate, with temperatures reaching their peak in September – October, just before the start of the rainy season. Rainfall is seasonal and occurs mainly from November to April. In the western parts, rainfall totals over 1000mm, while in the east it drops to 700 mm or less. The daily mean temperature is around 23 degrees C. There is a slightly cooler period from May to July, when temperatures can drop to 14 degrees C at night, although they reach 28 – 30 degrees C during the day. Economic activity in the region revolves around farming and livestock keeping, along with related activities such as bee – keeping, fishing and lumbering. The region is estimated to have 2. 4 million ha of cultivable land but less than a fifth of that is actually under cultivation. Most farming is subsistence farming, with maize the leading staple food. Other food crops are rice, sorghum, cassava, and beans. Cash crops are tobacco, cotton, sunflower and groundnuts). Administratively, the region consists of seven (7) districts: Nzega and Igunga (north), Tabora urban (center), Uyui (east), Sikonge (south) and Urambo and Kaliua (west).
Tabora Region Historical Background
- Tabora was founded in the mid - 19th century by Arab traders and lay at the junction of major caravan routes. It was taken over by the Germans in 1891 and became an administrative centre of German East Africa. The name Tabora is said to have originated in the word “Matoborwa” meaning boiled and dried sweet potatoes, a staple food of the Nyamwezi who are the main ethnic group in the region. The town was an important mission station during the early years of the European exploration of East Africa. Stanley and Livingstone stopped in Tabora after their famous meeting in Ujiji (near Kigoma) in late 1871. The Arabic – style house where Livingstone stayed in Tabora is now the Kwihala Museum, which is dedicated to Livingstone and contains his memorabilia including letters, maps, pictures and a diary. It also displays information about other early missionaries and explorers. Tabora is also known for its educational institutions. President Nyerere himself, the founding father of the nation, went to the Tabora Government Secondary School, the first boarding school in the country, and thought highly of it.
Tourism Attractions in Tabora Region
- The major reserve in the region is the Ugalla Game Reserve (Established in 1965 – currently upgraded and established as a National park, and is known as ‘UGALLA RIVER NATIONAL PARK’. This national park is found in Tabora and Rukwa) respectively, with an area of 5,000 Sq. km that supports a large variety of game congregating in the vicinity of the Ugalla River in the dry season. Ugalla River National Park is about 200 km from Tabora city and is characterized by two primary ecosystems: extensive miombo woodland and large floodplains. An estimated total of over 50,000 animals inhabit in Ugalla River National Park for all or part of the year. The species include lion, leopard, elephant, hippo, giraffe and buffalo, as well as impala, waterbuck, topi, wild dog and warthog. The other major reserve is the Kigosi (Established in 1983 – currently upgraded and established as the National Park and is known as Kigosi National Park, this national park is found in Kigoma, Tabora and Shinyanga regions, and is larger than Ugalla River National Park (7000 Sq.km). The Kigosi has wildlife similar to that in Ugalla. Visitors or tourists can reach the park by the trunk road from Tabora to Mpanda, in Katavi region. In addition to the National parks in Tabora region, there are also a number of tourist attractions within the city of Tabora itself. As widely known, Tabora was founded in the mid – 19th century by Arab slave traders and was a major trading point and stopover for caravans connecting Lake Tanganyika and central Africa with the coastal town of Bagamoyo to the north east. It was also an important mission station during the early years of the European exploration of East Africa. Stanley and Livingstone stopped in Tabora after their famous meeting in Ujiji (near Kigoma) in late 1871. The Arabic – style house where Livingstone stayed in Tabora is now the Kwihala Museum, which is dedicated to Livingstone and contains his memorabilia, including letters, maps, pictures and a diary, it also displays information about other early missionaries and explorers. After the German takeover, Tabora became an administrative centre of German East Africa. The construction of the railway made it even more important. The German Fort Boma, which housed the administrative offices, can be seen in Tabora today. It is still in use (by the military) and is connected with the Tabora railway station by means of an underground tunnel (which is not in use). Other points of interest in the city include the Tabora Boys Secondary School which president Nyerere attended: and the varieties of architectural styles – African, European, Indian – to be found in the city’s buildings.
Lake Victoria Zone
Lake Victoria Zone Regions covers the mainly regions around Lake Victoria – including Kagera, Mwanza, Mara, Geita, Shinyanga and Simiyu.
Regions & Map of Tanzania
- Geita Region
- Kagera Region
- Mwanza Region
- Mara Region
- Shinyanga Region
- Simiyu Region.
- Geita Rural
- Geita Urban
Geita Region in Brief
Data are still under process
- Bukoba Urban
- Bukoba Rural
- North Muleba
- South Muleba
Kagera Region in Brief
Kagera Region takes its name from Kagera River. Situated in the northwestern corner of Tanzania, Kagera region is endowed with abundant tourist attractions. Kagera’s landscape in general is beautiful, its rock scenery magnificent, with the climate at 1,100 meters above sea level very pleasant and the lagoons in lake Victoria competing the picture. As a whole the region has unique collection of Flora and Fauna and is a paradise for the world bird lovers. Kagera has around 450 different species of birds of Tanzania’s total of 1,100 species of birds. The region is rich in mineral resources with gold found in Biharamulo district and nickel in Ngara district. Kagera region has 5 game reserves, and all of these game reserves have now been upgraded and established as National parks, including Biharamulo (Established in 1959, with an area of 1,300 sq. km), Burigi (Established in 1972, with an area of 2,200 sq. km), Kimisi (1,026 sq. km), Rumanyika (Established in 1965, with an area of 800 sq. km), and Ibanda (Established in 1972, with an area of 200 sq. km).
Tourism Attractions in Kagera Region
- Kigarama, Katoke and kyamunena falls.
- Kamuli hotsprings in Karagwe district.
- The paintings in Busota caves, wood carvings and handcrafts.
- Hotsprings of Mutagata, the yerusalemu caves and Ruvuma falls.
- Kagera River which is the source of Nile River, traditional Bahaya life where you can learn a lot from them.
- The traditional houses of chief Rumanyika of Karagwe at Bweranyange, chief Kasusura of Biharamulo and chief Bahamba of Ngara.
- Kyaka Bridge and church demolished during the Idd Amin war and Hero monuments.
Mwanza Region in Brief
- The city of Mwanza is the major Tanzanian port on Lake Victoria and a centre of economic importance in the region. The lake borders Uganda to the north – west, and Kenya to the north – east, and export and transport between the countries is a foundation of Mwanza’s economy. Around the city of Mwanza, the land is primarily devoted to agricultural enterprise. Tea, cotton, and coffee plantations throughout the area produce large volumes of cash crops that pass through Mwanza on their way to the market. For visitors, the city makes a good base from which to explore nearby Rubondo Island National Park and the western parts of the Serengeti. Rubondo Island National Park offers pleasant day – hikes and bird watching around the lake shore. Mwanza’s proximity to the western Serengeti makes it a necessary stop for visitors who want to experience a less busy part of the park and see the magic of the Serengeti without the parade of safari vehicles and seasonal crowds. Mwanza is also the centre of the Sukuma, the largest tribal group in Tanzania, who have inhabited and farmed the region for centuries. Cultural tourism programmes to their local villages and farms can be arranged through the local cultural centre. Mwanza is nicknamed – “the Rocky city” and is the home of Lake Victoria, and second largest city.
Tourism Attractions in Mwanza Region
- Memorial of the victims of Mv. Bukoba.
- Ukerewe Island – to see the dancing rocks, where only men are allowed to visit.
- Lake Victoria.
- Kijereshi game reserve (Established in 1994, with an area of 65. 7 Sq.km)
- Saanane Island N /park
- Rubondo Island National Park, famous for unique chimpanzees and plants
- Handebezyo caves which were used as shelters during tribal wars.
- Isamilo Hills
- Bismarck Rocks
- Bujora Sukuma traditional and historical centre.
- Colonial House (the origin of Mwanza).
- Big Stone (Jiwe kubwa).
- Bunda Urban
- Bunda Rural
- Tarime Urban
- Butiama Rural
- Musoma Urban
Mara Region in Brief
Details are still under process
- Shinyanga Urban
- Kahama Urban
Shinyanga Region in Brief
Data are still under process
- West Bariadi
- East Bariadi (itilima)
- East Maswa
- West Maswa
Simiyu Region in Brief
- Data are still under process.