TRIED AND TESTED
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF TABORA REGION
Tabora is the largest of Tanzanian’s 31 regions, with a surface area of 76,151sq.km, and just over two-thirds of this consists of forest reserves ( 34,698 sq. km) and game reserves ( 17,122 sq. km).
HIGHLIGHTS AND RECOMMENDED HOTELS;
- The orionTabora hotel.
- Frankman palace hotel.
- Goodely hotel Tabora.
- Saratoga lodging.
Tour of visiting Ugalla game reserve, an area of 5000 sq. km that supports a large variety of game congregating in the vicinity of the Ugalla river in the dry season. The reserve is about 200 km from Tabora city. The species include Lion, Leopard, Elephant, Hippo, Girafe, and Buffalo, as well as impala, waterbuck, topi, wild- dog and warthog. The other major reserve is the kigosi, which is larger than Ugalla (7000 sq.km) and straddles two regions- Tabora and Shinyanga. Visitors can reach the reserve by the trunk road from Tabora to Mpanda, which is being upgraded to gravel road.
Tour of visiting the Arabic style house where Livingstone stayed in Tabora is now the Kwihala museum, which is dedicated to Livingstone and contains his memorabilia, including letters, maps, pictures and a diary. It also display information about other early missionaries and explorers.
Tour of visiting the other points of interest in the city such as Tabora boys Secondary School, which president Julius KambarageNyerere attended; and the varieties of architectural style- African, European, Indian to be found in the city’s buidings.
Tabora was founded in the mid- 19th century by the Arab traders and lay at the junction of major caravan routes. It was taken over by the Germans in 1891 and become an administrative centre of German East Africa. The name Tabora is said to have originated in the word “ Matoborwa, ” meaning boiled and dried sweet potato, a staple food of the Nyamwezi who are the main ethnic group in the region. The town was an important mission station during the early years of the European exploration of East Africa. Stanley and Livingstone stopped in Tabora after their famous meeting in Ujiji (near Kigoma) in 1871. The Arabic – style house where Livingstone stayed in Tabora is now the Kwihala museum, which is dedicated to Livingstone and contains his memorabilia including letters, maps, pictures and a diary. It also displays information about other early missionaries and explorers.
TABORA IN BRIEF:
- Location; 744 km west ( and a bit north) of Dar es- salaam.
- Climate; moderate tropical, 18° to 30° C the year round. Rainfall November to April.
- Notable Features; capital of Tabora region.
- Administration; Administratively, the region consists of 7 districts; Nzega and Igunga (North), Tabora urban (centre), Uyui (East), Sikonge (South), and Urambo and Kaliua (West).
- Population; Tabora urban 261,591; Tabora region 2,539,715 (2002 census projections for 2012, made in 2006).
- Religion; Christianity, Islam, Traditional African faiths;
- Languages; Kiswahili, Kinyamwezi, English.
- Economic activity; Farming (Cotton, Tobacco, Groundnuts, sun flower), beekeeping, Timber logging, agro-processing, light -manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade as well as tourism at large.
- Written and prepared by master of the game, Edgardo Welelo, email@example.com.
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF MWANZA REGION
Mwanza is nicknamed- “the Rocky city” and is the home of lake Victoria
( Nyanza) and the Sukuma people, Tanzanian largest ethnic group.
HIGHLIGHTS AND RECOMMENDED HOTELS;
- Annex victoria hotel lodge and Isamilo lodge.
- Peace hotel.
- Victoria prince hotel.
- Sullivan hotel.
- Hotel Manumbu and many more.
- Tour of visiting the big stone (Jiwekubwa)- with your tour guide.
- Tour of visiting the colonial house (the origin of Mwanza) with your tour guide.
- Tour of visiting BujoraSukuma traditional and historical centre with your tour guide.
- Tour of visiting Bismarck Rocks with your tour guide.
- Tour of visiting Isamilo hills with your tour guide.
- Tour of visiting Handebezyo caves which were used as shelter during tribal wars.
- Tour of visiting Rubondoisland national park, famous for unique chimpanzees and plants with your tour guide.
- Tour of visiting saanane island national park.
- Tour of visiting Kijereshi game reserve.
- Tour of visiting lake victoria.
- Tour of visiting Ukereweisland to see the dancing rocks, where only men are allowed to visit.
- Tour of visiting memorial of the victims of Bukoba.
Mwanza was founded in 1892 by a German colonial agent- Emin pasha as an administrative centre to control cotton exports. In 1890, the German colonists decided to open the new administration unit at Lake Victoria and built a house on top of a rock. This house constituted the foundation of Mwanza. They called the rock- Muansa, probably a misunderstanding from Sukuma word “Nyanza” which means Lake. From there the Germans started planning the whole town and the port in 1892.
Mwanza is nick named the “Rocky city” for a reason all around and also right in the middle of the city, rounded rock fragments hulk up to fantastic formation and create a landscape that is unique in Tanzania. The architecture, the rocks and of course Lake Victoria definitely make Mwanza worth a journey. Prof. Hans Meyer, writing in the Das Deutsch Kolonialreich in 1908, said by then Mwanza consisted of 1200 Africans, 64 European in habitants and 50 Indian traders. There were a handful of European firms and a district office. Others were a company of soldiers, a post and telegraphic line to Tabora, a hospital and a hotel . In 1953, Mwanza was elevated to the status of a town council by then British colonial governor, Sir Edward Twining. In 1980, Mwanza became the second municipality after Tanga.
Ukerewe island is the largest island in Lake Victoria and the largest inland island in Africa, with an area of approximately 530 sq.km, nearly 50 kms north of Mwanza. The shoreline of Ukerewe island is carved into numerous bays and is surrounded by 27 small islands. 3 of these islands are not occupied by people. Nansio is the districts capital. Ukerewe is populated by natives, an indigenous of one ethnic group, which has lived traditionally depending on fishing and farming.
MWANZA IN BRIEF;
People; Sukuma people, the largest ethnic group in Tanzania and other several ethnic groups.
- Location; Mwanza region is located on the southern shores of lake victoria.
- Administration; Administratively, Mwanzais divided into 7 districts namely Ilemela, Kwimba, Magu, Misungwi, Nyamagana, Sengerema and Ukerewe.
- Getting to Mwanza;
Mwanza region is easily accessible by road air and water- ways.
- Written and prepared by master of the game, Edgardo Welelo, firstname.lastname@example.org
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF ARUSHA REGION.
Arusha region is nicknamed “the Geneva of Africa” and Tanzania’s most active tourism hub- whereas safaris start and end in Arusha. The name Arusha was originated and derived from Waarusha people, one of the ethnic group in Arusha region.
HIGHLIGHTS AND RECOMMENDED HOTELS;
- Ngurdoto mountain lodge.
- Naura springs hotel.
- The Arusha hotel.
- Snow crest hotel.
- Corridor springs hotel.
- Kibo palace hotel and many more.
- Tour of visiting Ngorongoro conservation area Authority with your tour guide.
- Tour of visiting Arusha national park.
- Tour of visiting lake Duluti and Meserani snake park with your tour guide.
- Tour of visiting the Headquarters of the wider East African community (EAC) and the International criminal tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).
- Tour of visiting the African court on human and peoples rights (ACHPR) and the East , central and southern African health community (ECSA-HC).
- Tour of visiting the Eastern and southern African management institute (ESAMI) and the Nelson Mandela African institute of science and Technology (NMAIST).
- Tour of visiting ArushaNational museum and many more.
- ARUSHA PROFILE;
The town of Arusha started way back in 1900 as a minor German military garrison.
The name Arushawas derived from Waarusha people, one of the ethnics groups in Arusha region.
Arusha is home to the Maasai, Waarusha ,Iraqw (Mbulu), meru, Sonjo, Mbugwe, Barbaig and Hadzabe communities.
Arusha covers an area of 34,526 sq.km of highland, valleys and fertile farmlands.
Administratively, Arusha is comprised of districts namely, Karatu, Ngorongoro, Longido, Monduli and Arumeru districts.
Arusha lies halfway between Cape Town in South Africa and Cairo in Egypt on a plateau in the Great Rift Valley.
Arusha is a 45- minute drive from Kilimanjaro international airport
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF MANYARA REGION
Explore the hidden treasures of Manyara, home to the Tanzanite gemstone, Tarangire and lake Manyara National parks, Gorowa, Barbaig, Maasai, Hadzabe ( Hadza), and Iraqw (Mbulu) ethnic groups. Manyara is a Maasai word ( Emanyara), meaning plant species known as milk bush or finger europhobia.
HIGLIGHTS AND RECOMMENDED HOTELS;
- Tarangire safari Lodge.
- Tarangiresopa lodge.
- Tarangire tree tops lodge.
- Whysting thorn camp.
- Boundary hill lodge.
- TarangireOsupuko lodge and many more.
- Town of visiting Tarangire and lakeManyara National parks.
- Tour of visiting mirerani popularly known as mererani, home to the Tanzanite gemstone. Also tour of visiting the local Tanzanite market that brings together sellers ( Mostly small scale miners) and buyers ( known as brokers or master dealers).
- Walking tours of having the opportunity to observe firsthand the work of miners who labour deep down in the long tunnels, serviced by oxygen from nearby
- Walking tours of visiting the managhat village, the original home of the Gorowa tribe.
- Tours of visiting lake Eyasi( Soda lake) located at the Southwest corner of Ngorongoro crater in the Conservation area highlands.
- Walking tours of visiting the Barbaig tribe in Hanang.
- Tours of fishing and canoeing adventures on lakeBabati.
- Walking tours of visiting Tururu waterfalls found in Babati township and as well as sigino crater located in Babati urban district.
- Tour of climbing mount Hanang and Mount Kwaraa. Mount Hanang is located in Hanang district which is 73 km away from Babati town whereas mount Kwaraa is located within the Babati township and has a catchment forest which is a habitat for elephants and buffaloes in all seasons of the year. At the top of the mountain is found a natural permanent water- pond.
The history of Manyara region is traced through the small town of Babati in 1918 when a German road work supervisor was watching labourers building a road at present day Babati township, saw a local Gorowa boy who was standing near two elderly Gorowa men. Out of a hunch, the German master approached the boy and asked him what the name of the village was. The boy didn’t understand German language so, by intuition, he thought the whiteman had wanted to know who his father was among two elderly Gorowa men. He (the boy) looked at one of the men and said “Babati” what the boy actually said was, “This is my father” The German jotted down the name” Babati” in his log book and, incidentally Babati eventually became the name of the village. Until now the Gorowa dialect has not changed much. The words “Babati” still mean “ This is my father” Babati district was established in 1985 whilst Manyara region at large was established in 2002 after being separated from Arusha region. Manyara is a Maasai word ( Emanyara), meaning plant species known as milk bush or finger euphorbia. Babati district is the administration of Manyara region.
People; Maasai, Mbugwe, Gorowa, Nyiramba, Nyaturu, Rangi, Fyomi, hadzabe( Hadza), Barbaig and Iraqw ( Mbulu) ethnic groups.
Size: Manyara region covers 50, 921sq. km in size or 5.4 percent of the entire country.
Administration; Administratively, Manyara region has 5 districts namely, Kiteto, Hanang, Simanjiro ,Mbulu and Babati.
Geographical Location: Manyara is bordered to the North by Arusha region, to the north east by Kilimanjaro region, to the east byTanga region and to the South by Dodoma region.
Getting to Manyara:
In the south eastManyara region is easily accessible by road network from Singida region while in the southwest Manyara is reached from Shinyanga region.
Getting to Babati Township;
Babati is a road junction, where the routes from Mwanza and Singida link those from Dododma and Dar es- salaam to the northern towns of Arusha, Moshi and beyond. There is daily public transport from Arusha to Babati nearly 175 km away and Kondoa about 250 km away.
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF KILIMANJARO REGION
Kilimanjaro region is home to the world/s wonders, Kilimanjaro mountain, the snow-capped and roof top of Africa and ethnic groups of the Chagga, Pare, Maasai, Wakwavi and Waarusha.
Highlights and recommended hotels:
- Capricon hotels &tours ltd
- Keys hotels travels&tours ltd.
- Bristol cottages.
- Kilimanjaro Impala hotel.
- Marangu hotel.
- Kilimanjaro mountain resort.
- Tour of climbing mount Kilimanjaro.
- Tour of visiting Mkomazi national park.
- Walking tours of Marangumtoni and Marangu village.
- Walking tours of Machame countrywide.
- Tours of visiting Kalimawe and Ruvu game reserves in Same district.
- Tour of visiting Mweka wildlife museum.
- Walking tours of Kikuletwahotsprings at Chemka village located out side Moshi, towards Arusha.
- Walking tours of Kinukamoriwaterfalls which is situated along the mue river.
- Tours of visiting Mwarikos art gallery
- Walking tours of Rau forest and lake challa.
- Tours of visiting and watching aquatic wildlife such as crocodiles found in river Pangani, Nyumbayamungu and lake jipe and many more.
The history of Kilimanjaro region is traced through the history of Moshi township when the colonial Germany rule established a military camp in the area known as Old Moshi ( Now old moshi secondary school ) in August 1893.
During the 2002 population census, Moshi was reported to have 144,739 residents a number which rose to 206,728 in the 2011 estimates. It is hoped the town to hit over 300,000 population.
Chagga, Pare, Maasai, Wakwavi and Waarusha in the lower parts of Mount Kilimanjaro.
Kilimanjaro region covers an area of 13,209 sq.km or 1.4 percent of the whole land of Tanzania mainland. Moshi town covers about 59 sq.km making it the smallest municipality by area.
Administration; administratively, the region is divided into 7 districts namely – Moshi- urban, Moshi rural, Rombo, Mwanga, Same, Hai and Siha districts.
Geographical location; Kilimanjaro is located in the north eastern part of Tanzania mainland. To the north is the republic of Kenya, Tanga region to the south East, Arusha region to the west and Manyara region to the south west.
Getting to Kilimanjaro region
Kilimanjaro region and the town of Moshi is connected to the outside world via Kilimanjaro international airport which is under the operation of Kilimanjaro Airport development company (KADCO) and located in Hai district along the Moshi -Arusha highway in Kilimanjaro region. Other accessibility is by road transport.
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF MTWARA REGION
Home to the natural gas and deepest port, and the presence of sand dune, the highest in Eastern Africa.
HIGHLIGHTS AND RECOMMENDED HOTELS;
- Makonde beach resort.
- Kilimanjaro countryside lodge.
- Camp David lodge.
- Bondeni lodge.
- Achiso lodge.
- The old Boma at Mikindani.
Tour of visiting the historical town of Mikindani which was an important export point for traders from Malawi, Zambia, Angola and DRC.
Tour of visiting game reserves of Lukwika/ Lumesule migration corridor between selous game reserve and north- east Mozambique ( Niassa).
Tour of visiting Newala old Boma, Makonde arts, Carvings and Dances.
Tours of visiting the mnazi bay Ruvuma estuary.
Walking tours of visiting unspoilt beaches at Msimbati and Msangamkuu.
Tours of visiting whale sighting during October- November breeding time and also dolphins in the Marine –park.
Tours of visiting st. Paul church and Ruvuma river.
The history of Mtwara region is traced through the historical town of Mikindani whichwas an important export point for traders from Malawi , Zambia, Angola and DRC. The traders from the Arabian peninsula settled at Mikindani in the 9th and 18th centuries and by the second half of the 15th.
People: Bantu group indigenous of Makonde, Makua and Yao.
Size; 16, 720 sq.km or 1.9 percent of the country mainland mass. Mtwara in the third smallest region in Tanzania after Kilimanjaro (13,209 sq.km) and Dar es- salaam (1, 339.59 sq.km).
Administratively, Mtwararegion consists of 6 districts of Mtwara urban, Mikindani, Mtwara rural, Newala, Masasi, Tandahimba and Nanyumbu.
Mtwara region is situated in the south eastern part of Tanzania.
Getting to Mtwara;
By water transport through Indian ocean as well as by road and air networks.
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF TANGA REGION
Tanga region has a rich history which unfolds real and interesting stories of explores like Vasco da Gama, Arab and Asians, trading activities, slave trade, the advent of German colonists and finally the British rule. The capital of the region is situated on the shores of the Great indian ocean from where all activities radiate towards other parts of the region. The city is rich in history, natural attractions, period architecture and interesting aquatic species.
South of Tangalies a prominent tradingcentre of the 19th century, PANGANI. Pangani has some of the most spectacular unpolluted beaches in the country and is an excellent beach holiday destination. To the further south is the little known Saadani National park with beach and wild animals that enjoy the sea breeze. To the west of Tanga and on the East Usambara mountains lies a beautiful hill station – AMANI. This is the nest of flora and fauna.
HIGHLIGHTS AND RECOMMENDED HOTELS
- Tanga Hotel.
- Tanga Beach Resort.
- Soni Inn.
- Mountain Lodge.
- Central city Hotel.
- Lushoto executive lodge
- Tingatinga lodge.
- Motel white parrot.
- White House Inn.
- BahariporiBandas and Many more.
- TOUR INCUDES
- Tour of visiting Saadani and Mkomazi National Parks, Amani Nature reserve, Coelacanth Marine park and Maziwe island reserve.
- Tour of visiting the long indian ocean coastline with its sheltered bays and lagoons, such as MOA bay, MANZA bay, KWALE bay, TANGA bay and MWAMBANI bay, as well as KIGOMBE , PANGANI and USHONGO beaches.
- Tour of visiting the historic Tanga city centre and off shore islands such as Toten, Ulenge, Yambe and Karange, Maziweisland off Pangani, nearby Amboni caves, GallanosHotsprings and Tongoni ruins.
- Tour of visiting Tanga museum.
- Tour of visiting usambara mountains, Nilo nature reserve and Madala Hominid foot prints.
- Tour of visiting Mambo caves and Ndemaha waterfalls and Many more.
- TANGA PROFILE
Tanga region on the Tanzanian northern coast close to the Kenyan border has a fascinating history as one of the oldest settlements along the East African coast. The word “Tanga”means “sail’ in the Kiswahili language, an indication that the protected Tanga bay has over many centuries offered a safe haven for local fishers and the thriving indian coast. Another translation of “Tanga” refers to the Bondei word “Farm.”
Tanga and pangani became important trading centres for slaves and ivory when the sultan of muskat and oman moved to Zanzibar in 1832 and controlled a coastal strip of 10 miles inland of the East African coast.
In the scramble for Africa over the last decades of the 19th century, German commercial interests and later the German government conquered the inland, bought the coastal strip from the sultan and developed the colony as “German East Africa” with its protected port and fertile hinterland, especially in the Usambara mountains, Tanga become a centre of German colonization and also an administrative centre up to 1890 when Dares – salaam was made the capital of the emerging colony.
Rapid colonial infrastructural and economic development followed from 1889 after the end of the bloody “Bushiri war” – an uprising of local Arab rulers (accused of being slave – traders by the Germans) and their followers against the German occupation and the sale of the coast by the sultan. To open up the hinterland and especially the fertile and cool usambara mountains for economic development and trade, a railway was built from Tanga to Moshi and a road network developed, including the scenic winding paved road from mombo up the mountains to the emerging district centre WILHELMSTHAL (now Lushoto).
SIZE: 27,348 km2 (3 percent of the total area of the counrty ).
Situated at the north – eastern corner of Tanzania, the region of Tangalinks the well- known Kilimanjaro region with Dares-salaam in the south and Kenya in the north.
Administratively, Tanga region is made up of districts namely; Pangani, Mkinga, Kilindi, Muheza, Tanga city, Handeni, Korogwe and Lushoto. Tanga city is the headquarters of Tanga region, and the biggest town and the economic centre of the region.
The coastal area is warm with an average temperature of around 280C. Sea breezes make the climate very pleasant all year. The hottest months are from october to february. The main rainy season is from April to late May where it rains mostly at night, leaving the day with bright sunshine
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF DARES –SALAAM REGION
Dares-salaam is the richest city in Tanzania and a regionally important economic centre. It is actually an administrative province within Tanzania and consists of 3 local government areas or administrative districts. Present population is approximately over 4 million people.
The area of Dares- salaam region is 1, 393 sq.km and this make Dares-salaam to be the smallest region in Tanzania by an area.
- HIGHLIGHTS AND RECOMMENDED HOTELS
- Kilimanjaro Hotel Kempinski.
- Moven pick Hotel.
- Peacock Hotels – city centre.
- Holiday inn.
- Dar city palace Hotel.
- Southern sun Hotel.
- Golden Tulip Hotel.
- Hotel sea cliff.
- Jangwanisea Breeze Resort.
- Regency park Hotel.
- Giraffe ocean view Hotel.
- Harare Inn and Many more.
- Walking tours of visiting the coco Beach.
- Walking tours of visiting the Kunduchiwetland wild water park.
- Walking tours of visiting Roman Catholic cathedral.
- Walking tours of visiting village museum, National museum ,Nyerere Cultural centre, the Botanical gardens and many more.
During German occupation in the early 20th century, Dares- salaam was the centre of colonial administration and the main contact point between the agricultural mainland and the world of trade and commerce in the indian ocean and Swahili coast. Remnants of a colonial past, both British and German,can still be seen in landmarks and architecture around the city. The National museum, the village museum, and many colourful markets are well worth a visit. Numerous historical landmarks, including st. josephs cathedral, the white fathers mission house, the botanical gardens, and the old state house make for an interesting walking tour around the waterfront and city centre.
Administratively, Dares- salaam region consists of 3 local government areas or administrative districts namely – Kinondoni (Northen), Ilala( Central) and Temeke (Southern).
Over 4,364,541 people as per the official 2012 census
The area of Dares-salaam region is 1,393 km2 and this make Dares- salaam to be the smallest region in Tanzania by an area.
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF ZANZIBAR ARCHIPELAGO
Zanzibar is a group of islands off the indian ocean coast, with around 2,600sq. m2 of territory in the two main islands of unguja and Pemba.
- HIGHLIGHTS AND RECOMMENDED HOTELS
- Baraza Resort & spa zanzibar.
- Al Johari Hotel.
- Mnarani Beach Cottages.
- RasNungwi Beach Hotel.
- Langilangi Beach Bungalows.
- Zanzibar safari club.
- Fundu lagoon.
- Zanzibar Beach Resort.
- Hakunamatata Beach Lodge.
- Blue Bay Beach Resort .
- 7 Hotel and many more.
- Tour of visiting stone town and Jozani Forest National park, The only national park in zanzibar.
- Tour of visiting Tumbatu island, chukwani palace, Bukhole Ruins, Manga pwani slave chambers and Tipppu Tip House.
- Tour of visiting the Zanzibar national museum, Hamamni Baths, High- court and Africa House.
- Tour of visiting livingstone house, old fort, spice tours and House of wonders.
- ZANZIBAR PROFILE;
The Zanzibar Archipelago, now part of the East African republic of Tanzania, is a group of islands lying in the indian ocean off the coast of Tanganyika. It comprises the main island of unguja (also known as zanzibar), the smaller northern island of pemba and numerous surrounding islets. Zanzibar had been granted independence by Britain in 1963.
- HISTORICAL BACKGROUND;
With a long history of Arab rule dating back to 1698, zanzibar was an overseas territory ofoman until it achieved independence in 1858 under its own sultancy. By 1964, the country was a constitutional monarchy ruled by sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah. Zanzibar had a population of around 230 Africans – some of whom claimed persian ancestry and were known locally as shirazis – and also contained significant minorities in the 50,000 Arabs and 20,000 south Asians who were prominent in business and trade. The various ethnic groups were becoming mixed and the distinctions bwetweenthem had blurred.
Around 3.00 am on 12 January 1964 , 600 -800 poorly armed, mainly African insurgents, aided by some of the recently dismissed ex – policemen attacked Unguja’s Police stations, both of its police armouries and the radio station. The Arab police replacements had receved almost no training and despite responding with a mobile force, were soon overcome. Arming themselves with hundreds of captured automotive rifles, sub machine guns and bren- guns, the insurgents took control of strategic buildings in the capital, Zanzibar town. Within six hours of the outbreak of hostilities, the towns telegraph office and main government buildings were under revolutionary control and the islands only airstrip was captured at 2 ;18 PM; the sultan, together with the prime minister MuhammedshamteHamadi and members of the cabinet, fled the island on the royal yacht seyyidKhalifa and the sultan/s palace and other property was seized by the revolutionary goverment. At least 80 people were killed and 200 injured, the majority of whom were Arabs, during the 12 hours of street fighting that followed. Sixty one American citizens, including 16 men staffing a NASA satellite tracking station, sought sanctuary in the English club in zanzibar town and four US journalists were detained by the island/s new government. The revolution was planned and headed by the ASP leader – AbeidAmaniKarume.
However, at the time Karume was on the African mainland. The ASP branch secretary for pemba, Ugandan born ex – policeman John Okello, had sent Karume to the mainland to ensure his safety. The Zanzibar revotution saw the 1964 overthrow of the sultan of Zanzibar and his mainly Arab govenment by local African revolutionaries.
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF KIGOMA REGION
Kigoma Region can be reached easily through the central road from Dares-salaam through Morogoro, Dodoma and Tabora to Kigoma.
Also through the central railway line from Dares- salaam through Morogoro, Dodoma and Tabora to Kigoma. By lake Tanganyika waterways the Region can be reached from Mpulungu, Zambia; ‘Kalemie, Baraka and Kivu, Democtratic Republic of Congo; and Bujumbura, Burundi to Kigoma, and by flight Airways the region can be accessible from Dares-salaam and Mwanza, Tanzania; Bujumbura, Burundi and also it is possible to fly from Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo to Kigoma.
- HIGHLIGHTS AND RECOMMENDED HOTELS;
- Coast view Hotel.
- Livingstone memorial Lodge.
- Gibbs Resort.
- Golden Tulip Indian ocean Hotels ltd.
- Kigoma Hill Top Hotel.
- Lake Tanganyika Beach Hotel.
- Lake Tanganyika Hotel.
- TOUR INCUDES;
Tour of visiting Ujiji village and Mahale mountains National park.
Tour of visiting Gombe stream National park and lake Tanganyika at Large and many more.
- KIGOMA PROFILE;
Kigoma Region is located in western part of Tanzania between Latitudes 3.6 and 6.5 degrees south and longitudes 29.5 and 31.5 degrees east along the shores of Lake Tanganyika the second deepest freshwater lake in the world. The capital municapality, which draws its name from the regional name Kigoma, is closely linked with ujijiand it has a wonderful natural beauty, nested under the hills of the western arm of the Great Rift Valley on the edge of the Lake. In the wet season the place is especially espectacular, with its emerald green and clear sparkling water.
Kigoma covers an area of 45,075 sq. km of which 8,552 sq.km are covered by water.
Administratively, the Region is divided into 6 districts, namely Buhigwe, Kakonko, Kasulu, Kibondo, Kigoma and Uvinza.
Kigomaujiji serves as the capital for the Kigoma region and a trade hub of the GREAT LAKES REGION. Also KigomaUjiji is a municipality and Lake port in western Tanzania, located on the eastern shore of lake Tanganyika.
- BORDER REGIONS; The region borders with Burundi, Democratic Republic of congo, and
According to the census of 2012 the population was 2,127, 930 whereby men were 1,028, 994 and women were 1,098, 936
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF RUVUMA REGION
Ruvuma region lies between latitudes degree 9:35 and degree 11: 45’ south of the Equator and between longitudes degrees 34:35 and degrees 38:10 East of Greenwich.
Ruvuma region borders the republic of Mozambique to the south and shares lake Nyasa with the Malawi republic to the west.
Mtwara region to the East. To the North east is Lindi region and in the North the region borders withMorogoro and Iringa regions respectively.
SIZE AND ADMINISTRATION:
Ruvuma region has a total surface area of 67,372 sq.km. It has 5 districts, namely, Mbinga, Songea rural and urban, Namtumbo, and Tunduru.
Ruvuma region has a mild temperature averaging 23 degrees celcius, depending on altitude and season. The month of June, July and August are chilly with the temperatures dropping to degrees 13C. Within the areas surrounding Matengo highlands in Mbinga district, October and November are the hottest months with an average temperature of degrees 30C.
Ruvuma region experiences adequate rainfall annually. The rainfall pattern depicts one long season which begins in November and ends in May each year.
The humidity is about 88 percent during the day in the mouths of March where as in the evening it may drop down to 37 percent in the month of October.
The 10 largest ethnic groups in Ruvuma region include: Wamatengo, Wangoni, Wayao, Wanyasa, Wandendeule, Wamakua, Wapoto, Wamanda, Wanindi, Wamatambwe and Wabena. Wamatengo are the largest ethnic group in Mbinga district; the Wanyasa, Wamanda and Wapoto reside along the shores of lake Nyasa together with a few Wangoni. Wangoni constitutes the larger ethnic group in Songea urban.
The regional major economic activities are agricultural farming, Livestock keeping, Lumbering, Fishing, bee keeping, Mining and Trade. Agriculture like in other regions in Tanzania, is the leading economic activity. The region/s major staples include maize, cassava, paddy, sweet potatoes, Legumes, millets and Sorghum; cashew- nuts are the major cash crops. Sunflower, soyabeans, Soyabeans, simsim, finger millet and groundnuts farming is also practiced in Ruvuma.
GETTING TO RUVUMA;
By road or air transport. A year in out road network connects Songea, the regional administrative town with the rest of Tanzania major towns. Charter plane services are also available between district towns such as Songea, Mbinga and Mbamba bay.
Songea town is famous for its history of the first African resistance against German colonization of Tanzania over 105 years ago. A national museum has been erected atMahenge area in the same township to commemorate the hanging deaths of 70 Africans by German administration. The Museum in Songea stands at the burial place where Ngoniand Matengo tribes warriors were buried in a mass grave behind the museum building.
HISTORICAL WAR OF MAJIMAJI;
The majimaji rebellion came about as a result of local tribes in the south eastern part of the country, notably the matumbi, Yao, Ngoni and Mwera tribes men rejecting the German colonial occupation of this part of Africa at the turn of the 19th century. The Germans who took control of a large chunk of land in what is present day Tanzania mainland, Rwanda and Burundi, ruled the native citizens with an iron fist. The Germans selected local chiefs from within the tribes men and turned them into German government agents, forcing them to collect taxes for their emperor Kaiser. The local chiefs were beaten 25 times in a punishment known as “ Hamsawaishirini” with a leather whip made from hippopotamus skin if they failed to collect taxes from the tribes men, even when there was a shortfall of just five cents. Natives were forced to work for Germans without pay and would be hanged for the slightest mistakes. Resistance erupted from virtually all corners of the country to refuse subjugation; from the southern kingdoms of the “ Wamatumbi” and “Wahehe”, to the north eastern highlands of the “Chagga” and Shambala, from the thorny plains of the “Wagogo” and “ Wanyamwezi” in Dodoma and Khaze, to the “Ngoni” and “Matengo” in Songea, Ruvuma region. The majimaji festival celebrates part of these heroic fights. In 1902 the governor of German East Africa, count Adolf von Gotzen (1866-1910), ordered Tanzanian villagers to grow cotton as cash crop. The native Tanzanians turned to African spirituality and magic to drive the Germans out of Tanzania. The leader of the lebellion was a spirit medium named KinjiKitileNgwale, who called himself Bokera and claimed to be possessed by snake spirit called Hongo. Bokero began to spread the idea that the people had been called upon to dominate the Germans.
The revolt was named after a medicine called maji that purportedly gave African fighters immunity to German bullets. Although this “war medicine” wasinfact nothing but water mixed with castor oil and millet, the dissemination of the maji ideology spread a message of common opposition and resistance to German colonial rule. Believing themselves empowered with this medicine, Bokeros followers began the majimaji revolt. Armed with cap guns, spears, and arrows, and wearing millet stalks around their heads, they set out from the Matumbi hills in southern and attacked German garrisons throughout the colony. Along with the Matumbi, the Mbunga, Kichi, Ngoni, Ngido, and Pogoro joined the rebellion in German East Africa. Although few in number, German forces of European and Native soldiers used superior firepower to their advantage, and several thousand majimaji rebels were cut down by machine gun fine. The magic water that they thought would protect them from the German guns failed. However, the fight in several areas was bitter. When Kinjikitilengwale was executed by German troops on August 4, 1905, another sprit medium continued to lead the revolt. The medium continued to lead the revolt. The rebellion continued when the Ngoni people joined in the revolt with a force of 5000 but they were no match to German guns when they were attacked. The Germans destroyed villages, crops, and other food sources used by the rebels in a scorched – earth policy, leading to the deaths of an estimated 250,000 from famine.
The defeat of the Ngoni marred the end of any serious resistance. By April 1906, the southwest of German East Africa was pacified, but it was not until August of 1907 that the rebellion was effectively stamped out.
The after math of majimaji revolt had important implications for German rule until the end of world war I in 1918, when the area becaME British territory.
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF LINDI REGION
Lindi region is in the South Eastern part of Tanzania mainland and is among of the coast regions. The word Lindi means a floating buoy or buoyant and it is home to dinosaurs at Tendaguru.
HIGHLIGHTS AND RECOMMENDED HOTELS;
- Kilwa dreams beach resort.
- Coast Guest house.
- Kilwa Ruins lodge.
- Kilwa sea view resort and many more.
Tour of visiting Songomnara islands, KilwaMasoko, Kilwakisiwani, Kilwakivinje and Tendaguru.
Lindi region is in the south Eastern part of Tanzania mainland and is among of the coastal regions. It lies between latitudes 7 degrees 55 south and 10 degrees and longitudes 36 degree 51 E and 40 degree E.
Lindi region has a common border with Morogoro and Pwani regions in the west and Ruvuma region in the east. It also shares borders with Mtwara region in the South and Indian ocean in the East. Much of the western part of the Lindi region is in the SELOUS GAME RESERVES;
Lindi region has a total area of 67,000 sq. km of which 18,000 sq. km are under the famous SELOUS GAME RESERVE. The region /s area is 7.1 percent of the Tanzania mainland.
Due to its geographical location, adjacency to the indian ocean shoreline, the weather in Lindi is tropical and humid.
Administratively, Lindi region is divided into 5 districts namely, Kilwa, Ruangwa, Nachingwea, Lindi, Liwaleand Lindi municipal.
PEOPLE; Ethnic groups of Makonde, Makua, Mwera, Matumbi and Magingo.Makondeare found in Lindi, Kilwa and Nachingwea districts. Makua are found in Nachingwea district. Mwera are found in Lindi, Nachingwea, Ruangwa and Kilwa districts, while Matumbi are found in Kilwa and Liwale districts and Magingo are found in Liwale district.
BEST TIME TO VISIT LINDI;
The best time to visit the town or region is between the months of May and September, when the weather is relatively cooler.
GETTING TO LINDI REGION;
Lindi region can be reached easily by either road, sea and air transport services.
WHAT TO DO;
Sunbathe, motor sport, hiking, strolling, diving, and fishing sport, swimming and many more.
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF KAGERA REGION
Kagera region takes its name from Kagera river. Situated in the north western corner of Tanzania, kagera region is endowed with abundant tourist attractions. Kagera’s landscape in general is beautiful, its rock scenery magnificent, with the climate at 1,100 meters above sea level very pleasant and the lagoons in lake victoria completing the picture. As a whole the region has unique collection of Flora and Fauna and is a paradise for the world bird lovers. Kagera has around 450 different species of birds of Tanzania’s total of 1,100 species of birds. The region is rich in mineral resources with gold found in Biharamulo district and nickel in Ngara district.
HIGHLIGHTS RECOMMENDED HOTELS;
- The lord lodge hotel.
- Victorious perch hotel.
- Walkgardwestland hotel & tours.
- Yaasila top hotels ltd.
- KCU lake hotel.
- ELCT- Bukoba hotel.
- Bukobakolping hotel and many more.
Tour of visiting the 5 game reserves of Kagera region Biharamulo ( 1300 sq. km) Burigi ( 2,200 sq. km), Kimisi ( 1026 sq. km) Rumanyika (800 sq. km) and Ibanda ( 200 sq. km).
Tour of visiting Kyaka Bridge and church demolished during theIdd Amin war and Hero monuments.
Tour of visiting the traditional houses of chief Rumanyika of Karagwe at Bweranyange, chief Kasusura of Biharamulo and chief Balamba of Ngara.
Tour of visiting Kagera river which is the source of Nile river, traditional Bahaya life where you can learn a lot from them.
Tours of visiting the hotsprings of Mutagata, the Yerusalemu caves and Ruvuma falls.
Tours of visiting the paintings in Busota caves, wood carvings and handcrafts.
Tours of visiting Kamuli hot springs inKaragwe district.
Tours of visiting Kigarama, Katoke and Kyamunena falls.
Kagera region takes it name from Kagera River. Situated in the north western corner of Tanzania.
Kagera borders Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi in western Tanzania. The region also borders Mwanza, Shinyanga and Kigoma region in Tanzania.
Administratively, the Kagera region has 7 districts namely, Bukoba, Biharamulo, Muleba, Karagwe, Ngara, Kyerwa and Misenyi.
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF MARA REGION
Mara region takes it name from Mara river. It is home to the founding father of Tanzania, the late Mwalimu Julius KambarageNyerere and the strong hold of the world/s greatest of wildebeests, the SERENGETI NATIONAL PARK.
HIGHLIGHTS AND RECOMMENDED HOTELS;
- Nywatali beach lodge.
- Serengeti resort centre hotel.
- Afrilux hotel.
- Bilila lodge Kempinski.
- Mbalageti Serengeti.
- Hotel matvilla
- Sasakwa hill lodge.
- Serengeti Serena safari lodge.
- Serengeti sopa lodge and many more.
Tour of visiting Serengeti National park.
Tours of visiting mount kasino in Tarime which has a very deep crater, Charibo mountain in Bunda , Mount Bungaji with ancient tools.
Tours of visiting rivers- Mara, Robana, Ikorongo, Mori and Grumetithat are rich in fish species, hippos and crocodiles.
Mara region is home to the famous Serengeti national park, Butiamacultural centre, Ikoma, Ngigoti, Gaga and Kilimafedha forts which were used by German colonialists during the world wars and Nyamuswa handcrafts centre. Others are Kibara and Makoko beaches, Lukuba, Nyafuba and Nyamasanje fishermen villages, mount- Mtiro with its famous water pond that never dries and many more.
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF SINGIDA REGION
Singida region is nicknamed the central corridor of Tanzania because it is located in the centre of the country. Singida town is the headquarters of Singida region. The name Singida is derived from the word “ masingida,” which refers to the wooden ornaments worn in the ears and made by the nyaturu people who live in the area. Most tourists usually pass through Singida on their way from Mwanza to Arusha or Dodoma.
HIGHLIGHTS AND RECOMMENDED HOTELS;
- Rose view resort.
- Yerusalemu lodge.
- Green belt lodge.
- Mashanjara guest house.
- Green belt lodge.
- Argentina guest house and many more.
Tour of visiting several game reserves in the north and to the south the better known Rungwa, Kizigo and Muhesi game reserves .
Walking tours of visiting to explore the region and see its different ethnic groups, for example, Nyaturu ,Gogo, Barabaig, Nyisanzu, Kirobu, Taturu and Hadzabe (Hadza).
The name Singida is derived from the word “Masingida”, which refers to the wooden ornaments worn in the ears and made by the Nyaturu people who live in the area.
Geographically, Singida is in the centre of Tanzania mainland and that is why Singida is nicknamed the central corridor of Tanzania because it is located in the centre of the country. Singida town is the headquarters of Singida region. The other centrally located regions that share borders with Singida are Dodoma and Tabora .Iringa and Mbeya regions border Singida in the south, and to the north are the regions of Shinyanga, Arusha and Manyara.
Singida consist mainly of flat plains, kopjes and the rift valley escarpment.
Much of Singida is covered by Savannah, scattered trees and short grass, though is some areas thick Miombo woodlands can be found. Generally, the region is semi-arid with just one short rainy season from December to April. The dry season is long from May to November. The wetter areas in the region are along the escarpment near Kiomboi in Iramba district and in the south – west of Manyoni district.
SIZE: Area of Singida region is 49,438 sq. km.
Administration: Administratively, the region comprised only 4 administrative districts namely, Iramba, Manyoni, Singida rural and Singida urban. Now 2 districts have been added, Ikungi and Mkalama.
People: The Hadzabe, Nyiramba, Taturu, Kirobu, Nyisanzu, Barabaig, Nyaturu and Gogo ethnic groups.
Economic Activities: The main economic activity in the districts is cultivation and livestock keeping.
Getting to Singida;
Singida town is connected by good roads to Dodoma, Arusha, Kigoma, and Mwanza. It is accessible from Arusha through Babati and Kateshi in Manyara region; from Dares- salaam, Iringa and Mbeya through Dodoma, and from Shinyanga and Mwanza through nzega, in Tabora region
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF IRINGA AND MBEYA REGIONS
- VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF IRINGA AND MBEYA REGIONS
The Southern highland regions of Iringa and Mbeyaposses unique tourist attractions. These are scenic features, including waterfalls, the Rift Valley escarpment, natural bridges, and various volcanic features. These regions also posses rare birds and plant species, attractive scenery, and a vibrant local culture.
- HIGHLIGHTS AND RECOMMENDED HOTELS;
- New Ruaha international Lodge.
- Sunset Mountain Lodge.
- Ruaha Hill top Lodge.
- Kalenga west park Motel & Tours.
- Beaco Resort.
- Calm Inn Hotel and Many more.
- TOUR INCLUDES
- Tours of visiting Udzungwamountains and Ruaha National Parks.
- Tours of visiting the Lulanda Natural forest, which harbors a number of rare animal and bird species. Chief Mkwawa’s shrine is also located under a sacred tree in the Lulanda forest.
- Tours of visiting Lake Nyasa(Malawi), which is on the Tanzania- Malawi border, could be among leading tourism attractions in the Southern highlands.
- Tours of visitingMatema beach , at the northern end of the Lake, in Kyela district, Mbeya region, is suitable for sunbathing with its soft sands and is renowned for traditional pottery of the WAKISI community.
- Tours of visiting the uporoto, Kipengere and Livingstone mountain ranges and the RIFT VALLEY are the other attractions found in Mbeya region.
- Tours of visiting the 20-tonne- nickel iron- meteorite in Mbozi area and Kalambo waterfalls near the Zambia – Tanzania border.
- Tours of visiting usangu valley game reserve, famous for its wildlife and one of the best hunting safaris areas in Tanzania.
- Tours of visiting Chimala and Matambaescarpments where the road winds down 52 bends.
- Tours of visiting the Daraja la Mungu(Bridge of God) at Kiwira. The natural stone bridge on the river Kiwira is believed to have been formed 18 million years ago.
- Tours of visiting the Kijungu (Pot). This natural formation looks like a huge African cooking pot into which the Kiwirariver pours its water.
- Tours of visiting Kitulo plateau national park.
- IRINGA AND MBEYA PROFILE
- The udzungwa mountains ranges that straddle Morogoro and Iringa region and the Kitulo plateau in Iringaregions are particularly impressive. Ruaha and UdzungwaMountains National parks are the leading parks in Iringa region . Ruaha national park is the largest national park in Tanzania and Africa, covering 20,380km2 and is part of the 30,000km2RungwaKisigo – Ruaha ecosystem. The Ruaha protected area is an enormous expanse of land, most of it in SABA game reserve, established by early German colonial administrators. It has a variety of wildlife species, and boasts elephant population concentration.
- KALENGA – IRINGA
Kalenga is an important historical site near Iringa municipality. It is the place where the Great chief MkwawaMwamnyika fought the German colonial forces for 7 years before shooting himself in 1898 to avoid the humiliation of defeat and capture by the advancing Germans. The skull of this great fighter, who led his Hehetribes men in the ant- colonialist war of resistance, has been preserved at Kalenga. The entire town of Kalenga has been a growing tourist attraction. Kalenga museum is where Mkwawa’s skull is preserved together with the take battle weapons. On the Iringa- Mbeya road, about 13 km from Iringa municipality, lies the
Isimila archaeological site, where early Stone Age tools dating back 60,000 years have been discovered. In the same area, there are picturesque canyons which according to some tourism experts, are comparable to the GRAND CANYON of Arizona in the USA.
- MBEYA REGION TOURIST ATTRACTIONS;
Mbeya region is situated in the south – western part of the country.
63,717 sq. km of which 5,700,000 hectares are arable where the road winds down 52 bends.
- MBEYA CITY:
In Mbeya city, there is an opportunity to visit areas nearby such as Ngozi crater lake, Mount Mbeya in Mbeya district. Other attractive areas include the famous Matema Beach, rich in white fine sand on lake nyasa in kyela district, usangu game reserve in Mbarali.
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF RUKWA REGION
VISIT AND ENJOY THE TASTE OF RUKWA REGION;
Rukwa region takes it name from lake Rukwa and the region is one of the 4 big food producing regions in the country and richest in terms of resources such as abundant tourist attractions which comprise wildlife reserves, cultural tourism and historical sites.
HIGHLIGHTS AND RECOMMENDED HOTELS
Tour of visiting the magnificent Kalambo waterfalls, located at Kapozwa village in Kalambo district council. This impressive waterfalls situated in Kapozwa village across the border with neighbouring Zambia, is a two- and half hours from Sumbawanga municipal. Kalambo waterfalls can be accessed by travelling by the Tanzania – Zambia railway ( TAZARA) from Dar es salaam to Mbeya and by bus from Mbeya – Sumbawanga – Matai, the headquarters of Kalambo district and then to Kapozwa village, where waterfalls are located. Best time to visit Kalambo waterfalls is wet season which is between January through April. This is the perfect time to visit and watch Kalambo waterfalls because of the high speed flow of its water. The area receives annual rainfall of approximately 1200 mm and rainy season last normally November – April and minimum temperatures are experienced in July ranges from 5-7 degrees centigrade while maximum temperatures are experienced in October that ranges to 20 degrees to 25 degrees centigrade. The Kalambowaterfalls inhabits chimpanzees as those of Mahalemts N/ park.
After visiting Kalambo waterfalls, you may make the decision to go back to Sumbawanga for accommodation, or go to Kasanga where you can stay at the famous Liembe Hotel or aboard a boat to the famous Lake shore Lodge at Kipili village or Lupita island, in Nkasi district, Where you can spend your night at Lupita island hotel and enjoy your stay there.
- RUKWA PROFILE;
The region’s name derives from Lake Rukwa which has the largest concentration of crocodiles in Africa. Historically the region was formed in 1973 by the first president of Tanzania, Mwalimu Julius KambarageNyerere after joining Sumbawanga which was part of Mbozi district in Mbeya region by then and Mpanda district which was part of Tabora region. Today, Mpanda is the headquarters of the new Katavi region which was formed recently.
Administratively, Rukwa region is made up of 4 districts which are Kalambo ,Nkasi, Sumbawanga urban and Sumbawanga rural.
Rukwa region has the surface area of 27,765km2
Over 1,004,539 people.
- Economic activities
The main productive sectors in the region are agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries. Forestry, Tourism and Mining.
Sumbawanga is the regional headquarters of Rukwa region and it was regarded as a home to “ witchcraft” and traditional healers. And through such beliefs it gained its popularity.
- MEANING OF THE NAME SUMBAWANGA
The nameSumbawanga, originates from a Fipa word, Sumbu-Wanga which simply means “Throw-away witchcraft.” The word was formerly used by a chief or “Mwene” of Wafipa tribe who was ruling the area between 1914-1920.
The Mwene used to tell all Wafipa who wanted to follow him from Kisumbato throw away witchcraft into river lwiche if they wanted to stay with him. Before that, the word Sumbawanga never existed at all. So the history of Sumbawanga township began from 1929, at a time when the “BOMA” was shifted from Nkasi to the old Sumbawanga. In 1930-1940 this township was under the authority of Native African Authority, later on in 1950 the Ufipa district council was established and was based at IZIA, BANGWE and MAZWI areas along the Mpanda- Tunduma highway.
- TOURIST ATTRACTIONS.
Rukwa region is endowed with abundant tourist attractions which comprise wildlife reserves, cultural tourism, and historical sites. Mv. Liemba is one of the oldest operational ship in the world, which makes it a significant tourist attractions in this region. Other attractions include Lake Tanganyika , the second deepest Lake in the world, Kalambo waterfalls, the second deepest waterfalls in Africa, and undisturbed Mbizi forest where Red colobus monkeys are found.